Kalinga, Lubuagan

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A language of Philippines

Population

30,000 (2008 V. Dumatog), increasing. L2 users: Used by those intermarrying with local speakers and by business people.

Location

Northern Luzon, Kalinga Province, Cordillera Region, Lubuagan; Tabuk city; Manila; Baguio city.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational).

Dialects

Ableg-Salegseg, Balatok-Kalinga (Balatok-Itneg), Balbalasang, Guinaang, Lubuagan. Intelligibility of Balbalasang dialect 81%, Sumadel [ksc] 82%, Limos [kmk] 70%, 48% comprehension of Ilocano [ilo] narrative. Lexical similarity: 81% with Balbalasang and Limos.

Typology

VSO; prepositions; genitives before noun heads; articles, adjectives, and numerals normally before noun heads; relatives after noun heads; question word in sentence-initial position; 3 maximum suffixes; word order distinguishes subjects, objects, and indirect objects, and given and new information, topic and comment; affixes do not indicate case of noun phrases; verb affixes mark number; passives; causatives; comparatives; CV, CVC; nontonal.

Language Use

All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use English [eng], Ilocano [ilo], Tagalog [tgl].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 90%. Literacy rate in L2: 80%. Taught in primary schools. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1970–2005.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian (Roman Catholic).