Alternate Names
Congo, Kikongo, Kikoongo, Kongo

3,000,000 in Democratic Republic of the Congo (1982 UBS). Population total all countries: 5,016,500. L2 users: 5,000,000 in Democratic Republic of the Congo.


Bas-Congo province cataract: Mbanza Manteke area; Fioti north of Boma, and scattered along the Congo River from Brazzaville to its mouth. Also in Kinshasa province.

Language Status

2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Bas-Congo, Bandundu regions (2006, Constitution, Article 1(8)).


Bwende (Buende, Sonde), Cataract, Central Kongo (Manyanga, Mazinga), East Kongo (Ntandu, Santu), Nzamba (Dzamba), South East Kongo (Nkanu, Pende, Zoombo), South Kongo, West Kongo (Fiote, Fioti). Part of Kongo subgroup. Other languages of the Kongo group are sometimes regarded as dialects of Koongo (see entries for Beembe [beq], Doondo [dde], Kunyi [njx], Vili [vif], Munukutuba [mkw], and Kituba [ktu]). In Angola, Ndingi and Mboka dialects may be separate languages. A member of macrolanguage Kongo [kon].


SVO (for Nzamba).

Language Development
Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1905–1962.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Fioti also spoken by Buende and Vili peoples. Christian.

Also spoken in:

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