Konzo

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A language of Uganda

Alternate Names
Konjo, Lhukonzo, Olukonjo, Olukonzo, Rukonjo
Population

609,000 in Uganda (2002 census), increasing.

Location

Southwest, Ruwenzori mountains, Kasese, Kabarole and Bundibugyo districts; Olhughendera dialect in Bundibugyo District.

Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Lusongora, Olhughendera, Rukonzo (Rukonjo), Sanza (Ekisanza). Nande [nnb] (Kinande) in Democratic Republic of the Congo and Konzo [koo] (Lukonzo) in Uganda are 2 varieties of the same language. Nande [nnb] is influenced by French [fra] and Swahili [swh]; Konzo [koo] by Tooro [ttj]. Lexical similarity: 77% with Nande [nnb].

Language Use

Home, market. All ages. Positive attitudes.

Language Development
Taught in primary schools. Poetry. Radio programs. Dictionary. Bible portions: 1914.
Writing

Latin script [Latn], used since 1914.

Other Comments

Konzo (Bakonzo) in Uganda and Nande (Banande) in Democratic Republic of the Congo both feel very much 1 people, ethnic autonym: Bayira. They believe they originated from the Rwenzori Mountains–the mountains belong to them and they to the mountains. This plays a very important role in their traditions and identity. Lusongora is most important dialect. Traditional religion, Christian.

Also spoken in:

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