Komi-Zyrian

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A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Komi
Population

156,000 (2010 census). Ethnic population: 228,000 (2010 census).

Location

Near the Arctic Sea; Komi Republic, Arkhangel’skaya Oblast’, and Nenetskiy Avtonomnyy Okrug; south of Yurak [yrk], west of Vogul (Mansi) [mns] language areas.

Language Status

5 (Developing). Statutory language of national identity (1993, Constitution, Article 68(2)).

Dialects

Yazva. Lexical similarity: 80% with Komi-Permyak [koi] and Udmurt [udm]. A member of macrolanguage Komi [kom].

Language Use

Komi used in Institute for Language and Literature of the Komi branch of the Academy of Science. Many children learn the language but many stop using it later in life (Salminen 2007). Also use Nenets [yrk], Russian [rus].

Language Development
Bible: 1990.
Writing

Cyrillic script [Cyrl].

Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.