10,000 (2007 SIL), increasing. 4,000 monolinguals.
Madang province: Middle Ramu district; Western Highlands province: Kaironk river, lower Jimi river area north of Mount Hagen.
Literacy rate in L1: 20%–25%. Literacy rate in L2: 20%–25%. Interest in L1 literacy increasing. Local school staff are regularly producing new material for use in the schools. Taught in primary schools. Grammar. NT: 2005–2008.
Latin script [Latn].