Koryak

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A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Chavchuven, Nymylan
Population

1,670 (2010 census). Ethnic population: 7,950 (2010 census).

Location

Kamchatka, north half of peninsula, south of the Chukchi [ckt] language area; also in Magadanskaya Oblast’.

Language Maps
Language Status

7 (Shifting).

Dialects

Apokinskij (Apukin), Cavcuvenskij (Chavchuven), Gin, Itkan, Kamenskij (Kamen), Palan, Paren, Xatyrskij. Koryak and Alutor [alr] border not yet been defined. Chachuve (Northern Koryak) and Alutor now separated. Alutor formerly considered a dialect of Koryak. Classification of other dialects unclear. Chavchuven, Palan, and Kamen dialects apparently not inherently intelligible.

Language Use

Few domains. Used by a few children, but situation varies according to location (Salminen 2007). Neutral to mildly positive attitudes. Also use Russian [rus]. Used as L2 by Even [eve].

Language Development
Taught in primary schools as subject. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 2006.
Writing

Cyrillic script [Cyrl].

Other Comments

Chavchuven used by reindeer herding tribes, all others use Nymylan. Traditional religion, Christian.