16,000 in South Sudan (1987 SIL).
West Bahr el Ghazal State; Raga and north through Katta, Kosho and Boro to Kafia Kingi. Also in Central African Republic, Sudan.
4 (Educational). Language of recognized nationality (2011, Transitional Constitution Article 6(1)).
Dongo, Gbaya-Dara, Gbaya-Gboko, Gbaya-Ndogo (Kresh-Ndogo), Gbaya-Ngbongbo (Kresh-Hofra), Naka (Kresh-Boro), Orlo (Woro). 8 tribes and dialects. Gbaya-Ndogo is prestigious and understood by all. Naka is largest and also well understood.
SVO; prepositions; genitives, articles, relatives after noun heads; adjectives before, numerals usually before noun heads; CV, V, CCV (CVC rare); 5 tones
About 4,000 others speak Gbaya as L2. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Some also use Sudanese Colloquial Arabic [apd].
Different from Gbaya languages in the Niger-Congo family.