Kurux

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Birhor, Kadukali, Kisan, Koda, Kola, Kora, Kuda, Kunha, Kunhar, Kunna, Kunrukh, Kunuk, Kurka, Kurukh, Morva, Oraon, Urang, Uraon
Population

1,890,000 in India (2001 census). 1,750,000 Kurukh or Oraon, 141,000 Kisan. Population total all countries: 1,944,200.

Location

Chhattisgarh, Raigarh, and Surguja districts; Jharkhand Ranchi district; West Bengal, Jalpaigiri district; Bihar; Odisha, Sundargarh and Jharsuguda districts; Assam; Tripura. Also in Bangladesh, Bhutan.

Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Kisan, Oraon. Kisan and Oraon dialects have 73% intelligibility. Oraon becoming standard. Related to Kumarbhag Paharia [kmj]. Different from Nepali Kurux [kxl].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 62% Oraon in Chhattisgarh, 25% in Bihar (2001 census), 17% of those in Kisan dialect (1981 census). Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 2000.
Writing
Devanagari script.
Other Comments

Kisan and Oraon are Scheduled Tribes. Hindu, Christian.

Also spoken in:

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