Kanum, Sota


A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Enkelembu, Kenume, Knwne

100 (1996 M. Donohue).


Papua Province, Sota village. Southernmost point of province, east northeast of Merauke city; bordering Papua New Guinea.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Kanum varieties are separate languages, with difficult mutual intelligibility. Similar to Yei [jei]. Also classified as Australian, Pama-Nyungan.

Language Use

Home, hunting camps. All ages. Also use Morori [mok] or Indonesian [ind] as trade languages, Indonesian for official purposes.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 5%.
Other Comments

One ethnic group with Kanum varieties. Clan marriages common, and much ritual exchange. Christian.