713,000 (2010 UNSD). 97,800 Timbaro (2010 UNSD). L2 users: 79,300. No monolinguals. Includes 279,000 Kambaata, 51,600 Timbaro. Ethnic population: 764,000 (2007 census). Includes 98,600 Timbaro, 35,000 Donga (2007 census).
Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ region: southwest Gurage, Kambaata, and Hadiyya zones; Durame is main town.
SOV; passive, middle, causative verbs; subject suffixes distinguish person, number, gender.
Positive attitudes. Also use Amharic [amh].
Timbaro is now officially recognized as a seprate language in Ethiopia, although it is linguistically very close to Kambaata. Christian.