4,200,000 (1990 UBS).
Bas-Congo and south Bandundu provinces.
Eastern Kituba, Ikeleve, Western Kituba. A creole based on the Kikongo dialect spoken in Manianga area (Bas-Congo), but unintelligible to Kikongo speakers of any of the other Kikongo dialects. Influenced by Lingala [lin], French [fra], restructured Swahili [swh], Portuguese [por], and other local dialects. Similar to Kituba [mkw] (Munukutuba) of Congo.
Means of communication among various language groups. 800,000 L2 speakers.