12,000 in Colombia (Civallero 2008), decreasing. No monolinguals. Population total all countries: 13,000. Ethnic population: 13,000 (Crevels 2007).
Pacific slopes of Andes, Nariño, from Ecuador border north, near Barbacoas. Nariño and Putumayo departments, Cumbal, Mallama, Ricaurte, Barbacoas. Cuambíyaslambi, and Cuaiquer del Alto Albí reservations. Also in Ecuador.
Majority are monolingual in Spanish [spa] and no evidence of monolingualism in Awa Cuaiquer.
Ethnic autonym: Awa and Înkal Awa, both in Ecuador and Colombia. The presence of petroleum companies, paramilitary groups, guerrilla forces, the cultivation of illicit crops and subsequent widespread fumigation of their territory has had extremely disruptive effects on the Awa society that currently is coping with a very serious acculturation process. Traditional religion, Christian.