A language of Brunei

Alternate Names
Brunei-Kadaian, Orang Bukit

215,000 in Brunei (1984 SIL), increasing.


Bandar Seri Bagawan; Mara District, Kedayan; the coastal strip; Tutong District. Also in Malaysia.

Language Status

3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language.


Brunei Malay, Kampong Ayer, Kedayan (Kadaian, Kadayan, Kadian, Kadien, Kadyan, Karayan, Kedien, Kedyan, Kerayan). Lexical similarity: 94%–95% between Brunei and the Kampong Ayer dialects, 80%–82% with Standard Malay [zsm].

Language Use

Vigorous. Used in Bandar Seri Begawan and surrounding areas, and by young people and educated older people from different language or dialect backgrounds. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Standard Malay [zsm].

Other Comments

Brunei and Kadayan are recognized indigenous groups. Ethnic autonym: Orang Bukit. Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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