Kulfa

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A language of Chad

Alternate Names
“Kaba So” (pej.), Kulfe, Kurmi, Kurumi
Population

7,110 (1993 census). 4,000 Koulfa, 2,200 Kouroumi, 910 Bara (1993 census).

Location

Southeast, Moyen-Chari Region, Kyabé subprefecture, southwest of Lake Iro; centered in Alako and Kirimikoro; some in Guera Region.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Bara, Kulfa (Koulfa), Kurumi (Kouroumi). Lexical similarity: 80% with Sara Kaba Náà [kwv].

Language Use

Vigorous. Positive attitudes. Also use Chadian Spoken Arabic [shu], Sara Kaba Naa [kwv]. Prefer Sara Kaba Náà [kwv] to Chadian Spoken Arabic [shu] as L2.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 0%.
Other Comments

Different from Kaba [ksp], Laka [lap], Sara Kaba Deme [kwg], or Sara Kaba Náà [kwv]. They do not perceive themselves as Sara Kaba.