Kurux, Nepali


A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Dhangar, Jangad, Janghard, Jhangad, Jhanger, Oraon, Orau, Uraon, Uraw

28,600 (2001 census), decreasing. No monolinguals (2002 UNESCO). Ethnic population: 41,800 Dhagar (Jhagar).


Koshi Zone, Sunsari district; Sagarmatha Zone, Siraha district; Mechi Zone, Jhapa district; Narayani Zone, Parsa district. India border area, Parsa to Jhapa districts.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Some differences from Kurux [kru] in India and Bangladesh, but mutually intelligible.


SOV; postpositions; noun head final; 2 noun classes (human, non-human); content q-word initial; 1 prefix, up to 6 suffixes; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; verbal affixation marks person, number and genders of subject and object; ergativity; tense and aspect; passives and voice; nontonal; 29 consonant and 10 vowel phonemes

Language Use

Home, religion. Mixed use: Friends, work, education. Older adults and elderly. Some use among children, adolescents, and young adults. Also use Maithili [mai], Nepali [npi], Nagpuri [mar], Bhojpuri [bho], or Assamese [asm].

Language Development
Taught in primary schools. Poetry. Newspapers. New media. Radio programs. Videos. Dictionary. Bible portions: 1977.
Devanagari script.
Other Comments

The alternate names are used for the people. Hindu.