A language of Cameroon

Alternate Names
Mbum, Mbum-East

17,000 in Cameroon (Dimmendaal and Voeltz 2007). Very few monolinguals. Population total all countries: 18,000.


North Region, Mayo-Rey division, Madingring district (homeland), south border of Bouba Ndjida National Park, south from Madingring, southeast to Lawzigoy. 25 villages. Displaced: Garoua, Ngong, Ngaoundere, Touboro (and surrounding villages), Tcholliré. Also in Chad.

Language Status

5 (Developing).


Ngumi. Related to Pana [pnz], Nzakambay [nzy], Kuo [xuo], and Mbere [mdt].

Language Use

Urban vitality is low and declining, rural is very high. All domains. All ages, but children use the language less in urban centers. Positive attitudes. Most also use some Fulfulde [fub]; some also use some French [fra]. Bilingualism declining in French due to decline in education.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 10%– 20%. Literacy rate in L2: 10%–20%. Literacy rates declined in recent years (Dimmendaal and Voeltz 2007). Taught in primary schools. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1999–2008.
Latin script.
Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion, Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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