9,000 (Bradley 2007). 4,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 12,000 (Bradley 2007).
Eastern Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Jinxiu Yao autonomous county.
SVO; modifiers follow heads; consonant clusters and palatalized and labialized onsets; voiced and voiceless nasal onsets; long-short vowel distinction; 6 basic tone categories in unchecked syllables and 2 in checked with further split in checked syllables according to vowel length
Officially classified within Yao (Mien) nationality, but the language is Tai-Kadai (1990 J-O. Svantesson). Daoist, traditional religion.