A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Lonchong, Loncong, Lontjong, Orang Laut, Sawang, Seka, Sekah

420 (2000), decreasing.


Sumatra, Kepulauan Bangka Belitung Province; 2 coastal enclaves, northeast Bangka island and western Belitung island; Lepar, Liat, Mendanau, and others; Riau Province, offshore islands Bengkalis, Rangsang, and Mendol, 4 areas; Kepulauan Riau Province, islands south and southwest of Singapore, Batam, Kapalajernih, and Kundur; possible scattered populations on mainland.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Lexically and phonologically distinct from the Belitung dialect of Malay [zlm] and other Sea Tribe varieties. Lexically most similar to Bintan Orang Laut Malay [zlm] dialect. A member of macrolanguage Malay [msa].

Other Comments

Ethnic autonym: Orang Sawang, sea people. Southernmost of dozens of Malayic-speaking Orang Laut, sea tribe, groups ranging from the waters of Thailand through the Riau archipelago and Bangka and Belitung. Traditional religion.