5,660 in Nepal (2002 SIL), increasing. Population total all countries: 7,980. Ethnic population: 15,000.
Koshi Zone, north Sankhuwasabha district to the border, Chepuwa VDC, Chepuwa, Chyamtang, Gumba, Chhumusur, and Rukuma villages; Hatiya VDC, Hatiya, Hungung, Pharang, Syaksila, Simbung, Namase, and Shiprung villages; southernmost village is Seksum in Arun valley; some in Kathmandu. Also in China, India.
5 (Developing). Language of recognized nationality (2002, NFDIN Act, No. 20, Section 2C).
SOV; postpositions; noun head initial; masculine and feminine (limited class); content q-word precedes the main verb; 1 prefix, up to 3 suffixes; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; split ergativity; aspect; no passives or voice; tonal (tense-lax); 23 consonant and 8 vowel phonemes; evidentiality is a salient feature of Lhomi syntax
Traditional religion, Buddhist (Lamaist), Christian.