Lingala

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Alternate Names
Ngala
Population

2,040,000 in Democratic Republic of the Congo (2000). Total users in all countries: 2,146,210.

Location

Widespread in Bandundu, Kinshasa, Equateur, and Orientale provinces, but not in southeast portion of the lattermost.

Language Status

2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in northwestern regions (2006, Constitution, Article 1(8)).

Dialects

None known. Reportedly similar to Lusengo [lse] and Bangala [bxg]. Lexical similarity: 33% with Bobangi [bni].

Typology

SVO; prepositions; noun head initial; 12 noun classes; no articles; verb affixes mark person, number; passives; tense; causatives; 16 consonant and 5 vowel phonemes; tonal (2 tones: high, low); tendancy to vowel harmony.

Language Use

Used as L2 by Bali [bcp], Bamwe [bmg], Bolondo [bzm], Bomboli [bml], Bomboma [bws], Bozaba [bzo], Budza [bja], Dzando [dzn], Furu [fuu], Gbanziri [gbg], Gilima [gix], Gobu [gox], Ibali Teke [tek], Komo [kmw], Kpala [kpl], Lalia [lal], Ligenza [lgz], Lobala [loq], Mayogo [mdm], Mbandja [zmz], Mid-Southern Banda [bjo], Mongo-Nkundu [lol], Mono [mnh], Monzombo [moj], Ndolo [ndl], Ngbaka [nga], Ngbaka Ma’bo [nbm], Ngbundu [nuu], Northern Ngbandi [ngb], Pagibete [pae], Sakata [skt], South Central Banda [lnl], Southern Ngbandi [nbw], Tembo [tmv], Tiene [tii], Togbo-Vara Banda [tor], Yango [yng].

Language Development
New media. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1970–2000.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Also spoken in:

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