9,500 (Lynch and Crowley 2001).
North Efate island, Nguna, Tongoa, and several smaller islands, southeast Epi.
Buninga, Emau, Livara, Nguna (Guna, Ngunese, Tongoa), Paunangis, Sesake.
SVO (for Nguna)
Livara dialect is extinct.
Literacy rate in L1: 30%–60%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%. Bible: 1972.