Lombard

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A language of Italy

Alternate Names
Lombardo
Population

3,600,000 in Italy (2002). Population total all countries: 3,903,000.

Location

Lombardy region: except for southern portions of Pavia, Cremona, and Montova provinces, includes 3 valleys from Italian Graubunden: Mesoldina, Bregaglia, and Poschiavo; Piedmont region; Veneto region: east shoreline area, Lake Garda; Trentino-Alto Adige region: western Trentino border area; small areas in Emilia-Romagna region along Po river northwest of Piacenza.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Alpine Lombard, Bergamasco, Eastern Lombard, Latin Anaunico, Latin Fiamazzo, Milanese, Novarese Lombard, Ticinese (Ticino), Trentino Western, Western Lombard (Nicosia, Novara, Piazza Armerina, San Fratello). A group of varieties, some of which may be separate languages. Western Lombard dialects (of Ticino and Graubünden) inherently intelligible. Speakers in more conservative valleys may have to use some kind of standard dialect to communicate with those of other dialects of Lombard. Very different from standard Italian [ita].

Language Use

In towns and among younger generations the use of Lombard has diminished significantly (Salminen 2007). Also use Italian [ita].

Language Development
New media. TV. Dictionary. Bible portions: 1859–1860.
Writing

Latin script [Latn], used in the 19th century.

Also spoken in:

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