Lombard

Print

A language of Italy

Alternate Names
Lombardo
Population

3,600,000 in Italy (2002). Population total all countries: 3,903,000.

Location

North, Milan, Lombardy, 3 valleys of Graubünden (Val Mesolcina, Val Bregaglia, Val Poschiavo). Western Lombard varieties also in Sicily. Also in Switzerland, United States.

Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Alpine Lombard, Bergamasco, Eastern Lombard, Latin Anaunico, Latin Fiamazzo, Milanese, Novarese Lombard, Ticinese (Ticino), Trentino Western, Western Lombard (Nicosia, Novara, Piazza Armerina, San Fratello). A group of varieties, some of which may be separate languages. Western Lombard dialects (of Ticino and Graubünden) inherently intelligible. Speakers in more conservative valleys may have to use some kind of standard dialect to communicate with those of other dialects of Lombard. Very different from standard Italian [ita].

Language Use

In towns and among younger generations the use of Lombard has diminished significantly (2007). Also use Italian [ita].

Language Development
New media. TV. Dictionary. Bible portions: 1859–1860.

Also spoken in:

Expand All Collapse All