3,600,000 in Italy (2002). Population total all countries: 3,903,000.
North, Milan, Lombardy, 3 valleys of Graubünden (Val Mesolcina, Val Bregaglia, Val Poschiavo). Western Lombard varieties also in Sicily.
Alpine Lombard, Bergamasco, Eastern Lombard, Latin Anaunico, Latin Fiamazzo, Milanese, Novarese Lombard, Ticinese (Ticino), Trentino Western, Western Lombard (Nicosia, Novara, Piazza Armerina, San Fratello). A group of varieties, some of which may be separate languages. Western Lombard dialects (of Ticino and Graubünden) inherently intelligible. Speakers in more conservative valleys may have to use some kind of standard dialect to communicate with those of other dialects of Lombard. Very different from standard Italian [ita].
In towns and among younger generations the use of Lombard has diminished significantly (Salminen 2007). Also use Italian [ita].