Lipo

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A language of China

Alternate Names
Central Lisu, Dayao, Eastern Lisu, Lolongo
Population

250,000 (Bradley 2007). Few monolinguals.

Location

North central Yunnan Province, Luquan, Wuding, Lufeng, Yuanmo, Yongsheng, Dayao, Binchuan, Yuanmo, Yongren, and Yao’an counties; south Sichuan Province, Renhe county.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened). Language of recognized nationality: Lisu. Language of recognized nationality: Yi. Only those in Dayao and Yongren counties of Western Chuxing Prefecture.

Dialects

Eastern Lipo, Western Lipo. Both dialects are reportedly similar to Lisu [lis], but neither is intelligible with Lisu.

Language Use

Home, village. All ages. Neutral attitudes. Chinese [cmn] widely used, even between speakers of different dialects of Lipo. Used as L2 by Ersu [ers], Hani [hni], Lamu [llh], Namuyi [nmy], Northern Pumi [pmi], Southern Pumi [pmj].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Very low. Literacy rate in L2: High in Chinese. NT: 1951.
Writing

Lisu (Fraser) script [Lisu], no longer in use. Miao (Pollard) script [Plrd], used from about 1910, primary usage among Christians.

Other Comments

Ethnonym: Lolopo or Lolongo prefered, especially in Yongren County. Christian, traditional religion.