Ganda

Print

A language of Uganda

Alternate Names
Luganda
Population

4,130,000 (2002 census), increasing. L2 users: 1,000,000 (Wiesenfeld 1999). Most widely spoken L2 in Uganda besides English [eng].

Location

Southeast, primarily Buganda province, Lake Victoria northwest shore to Lake Kyoga and Tanzania border.

Language Maps
Language Status

3 (Wider communication). De facto language of national identity.

Dialects

Diopa (Ludiopa), Kooki (Olukooki), Sese (Olusese), Vuma (Luvuma). Lexical similarity: 71%–86% with Soga [xog], 68% with Gwere [gwr].

Typology

SVO.

Language Use

Used in primary schools and churches especially in the south. Kooki dialect may be extinct. Home, work, church. All ages. Positive attitudes. Used as L2 by Gwere [gwr], Kenye [lke], Masaaba [myx], Nyole [nuj], Ruuli [ruc], Soga [xog].

Language Development
Used also in tertiary institutions. Taught in primary and secondary schools. Poetry. Magazines. Newspapers. New media. Radio programs. Films. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1896–2006.
Writing

Latin script [Latn], used since 1947.

Other Comments

Vuma dialect is moribund. Christian, Muslim.