4,130,000 (2002 census), increasing. L2 users: 1,000,000 (Wiesenfeld 1999). Most widely spoken L2 in Uganda besides English [eng].
Southeast, primarily Buganda province, Lake Victoria northwest shore to Lake Kyoga and Tanzania border.
3 (Wider communication). De facto language of national identity.
Latin script [Latn], used since 1947.
Vuma dialect is moribund. Christian, Muslim.