450,000 in Zambia (2006). Population total all countries: 628,000.
North-Western Province, Mwinilunga and northern Kabompo districts. Also in Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
4 (Educational). De facto language of provincial identity in Northwest Province, Copperbelt.
Humbu, Kawiku, Kosa (Koosa), Ndembu. Similar to Ruund [rnd] of Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Home, community. Positive attitudes.
Distinct from Luunda, a dialect of Bemba [bem].