Lushootseed

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Classification of Lushootseed

John E. McLaughlin, Mon, 2016-05-16 22:56
Regarding: 
Classification
ISO 639-3: 
lut

The way that my previous post was formatted messed up the summary outline I had. Here it is in a more readable form: Lushootseed (Northern Lushootseed [Skagit, Snohomish], Southern Lushootseed [aka Southern Puget Sound Salish])

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Classification of Lushootseed

John E. McLaughlin, Mon, 2016-05-16 22:52
Regarding: 
Classification
ISO 639-3: 
lut
The classification of Lushootseed is a mess. Ethnologue lists four languages in this group: Lushootseed [lut], Southern Puget Sound Salish [slh], Skagit [ska], and Snohomish [sno] There are, however, with this level of precision, only three languages/dialects according to all scholarship: Southern Puget Sound Salish, Skagit, and Snohomish. Lushootseed is used as the overall group name. Marianne Mithun. 1999. The Languages of Native North America. Cambridge. (pg 485): "Lushootseed = Puget Salish = Skagit-Nisqually = Dxwlesucid: Northern, Southern". (pg 489): "Northern includes the varieties spoken at Tulalip (Snohomish), Skagit, and Sauk-Suiattle. Southern Lushootseed dialects include Skykomish, Snoqualmie, Suquamish, Duwamish, Muckleshoot, Puyallup, Niqually, and Sahewamish." Ives Goddard. 1996. "Introduction," Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 17, Languages. Ed. Ives Goddard. Smithsonian. Pages 1-16. (pg 6): "Lushootseed (Northern Lushootseed [Skagit, Sauk-Suiattle, Snohomish, Skykomish] and Southern Lushootseed [Snoqualmie, Duwamish, Puyallup, Nisqually, Sahewamish])" Wayne Suttles and Barbara Lane. 1990. "Southern Coast Salish," Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 7, Northwest Coast. Ed. Wayne Suttles. Smithsonian. Pages 485-502. (pg 485): "Speakers of Northern Lushootseed included the Swinomish, the Skagit, the various tribes that have come to be known as Upper Skagit, the Stillaguamish, the Snohomish, and the Skykomish. Speakers of Southern Lushootseed included the Snoqualmie, the Suquamish, the Duwamish, the Puyallup, the Nisqually, and the Squaxin." Dawn Bates, Thom Hess, and Vi Hilbert. 1994. Lushootseed Dicitonary. Washington. (pg ix): "Northern Lushootseed encompasses three main varieties. [Tulalip/Snohomish], [Skagit], [Sauk-Suiattle]. The Southern Lushootseed dialects include Skykomish, Snoqualmie, Suquamish, Duwamish, Muckleshoot, Puyallup, Nisqually, and Sahewamish." The scholarly classification is crystal clear: Lushootseed (Northern Lushootseed [Snohomish, Skagit], Southern Lushootseed [aka Southern Puget Sound Salish]) "Lushootseed" is the term used for the group as a whole. However, the name "Southern Puget Sound Salish" is no longer used by scholars. It has been replaced by "Southern Lushootseed".