2,130,000 (2000 census).
South Sulawesi Province, southwest corner of the peninsula, most of Pangkep, Maros, Gowa, Bantaeng, Jeneponto, and Takalar regencies.
Gowa (Goa, Lakiung), Maros-Pangkep, Turatea (Jeneponto). Gowa dialect is prestigious. Dialects form a chain.
Vigorous. Many ethnic Chinese speak Makassar dialect as L1 400,000 as L2.