Malayalam

Print

A language of India

Alternate Names
Alealum, Malayalani, Malayali, Malean, Maliyad, Mallealle, Mopla
Population

33,000,000 in India (2001 census). Population total all countries: 33,550,900.

Location

Kerala, Laccadive Islands, neighboring states.

Language Maps
Language Status

2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Kerala State; union territories Lakshadweep and Puducherry (1950, Constitution, Schedule VIII).

Dialects

Central Kerala, Kasargod, Kayavar, Malabar, Malayalam, Moplah (Mapilla), Nagari-Malayalam, Namboodiri, Nasrani, Nayar, North Kerala, Pulaya, South Kerala. Caste and communal dialects: Namboodiri, Nayar, Moplah, Pulaya, Nasrani. Mapilla is among the most divergent dialects, differing considerably from literary Malayalam.

Language Use

Cochin Jews in Kerala speak Malayalam. Used as L2 by Allar [all], Aranadan [aaf], Attapady Kurumba [pkr], Irula [iru], Jennu Kurumba [xuj], Kadar [kej], Kalanadi [wkl], Kanikkaran [kev], Kodava [kfa], Kudiya [kfg], Kunduvadi [wku], Kurichiya [kfh], Mala Malasar [ima], Malapandaram [mjp], Malasar [ymr], Malavedan [mjr], Mannan [mjv], Muduga [udg], Mullu Kurumba [kpb], Muthuvan [muv], Paliyan [pcf], Paniya [pcg], Ravula [yea], Thachanadan [thn], Urali [url].

Language Development
Fully developed. Bible: 1841–2004.
Writing

Arabic script [Arab]. Braille script [Brai], used since 1998. Malayalam script [Mlym], primary usage.

Other Comments

Hindu, Christian, Jewish, Muslim.

Also spoken in:

Expand All Collapse All