Malayalam

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Alealum, Malayalani, Malayali, Malean, Maliyad, Mallealle, Mopla
Population

33,000,000 in India (2001 census). Population total all countries: 33,534,600.

Location

Kerala, Laccadive Islands, neighboring states. Also in Bahrain, Canada, Fiji, Israel, Malaysia, Qatar, Singapore, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States.

Language Maps
Language Status

2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Kerala State; union territories Lakshadweep and Puducherry (1950, Constitution, Schedule VIII).

Dialects

Central Kerala, Kasargod, Kayavar, Malabar, Malayalam, Moplah (Mapilla), Nagari-Malayalam, Namboodiri, Nasrani, Nayar, North Kerala, Pulaya, South Kerala. Caste and communal dialects: Namboodiri, Nayar, Moplah, Pulaya, Nasrani. Mapilla is among the most divergent dialects, differing considerably from literary Malayalam.

Language Use

Cochin Jews in Kerala speak Malayalam.

Language Development
Fully developed. Bible: 1841–2004.
Writing
Arabic script. Braille script, used since 1998. Malayalam script, primary usage.
Other Comments

Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Jewish.

Also spoken in:

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