A language of Nigeria


100,000 (2012 M. Rueck, Z. Yoder, and K. Hannelová).


Adamawa State, Numan, Girei, Song, Shelleng and Demsa LGAs.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Bakopi (kunBuko), Bwazza (Bare, Bere, Bwaza, Bwa’za, kunBwazza), Gwamba (Nkono), Mbula, Tambo (Begel, kunBegel, Taumbo). Mbula 73% intelligible of Tambo, over 80% of other dialects. Mbula-Bwazza [mbu], Kulung [bbu], and Bile [bil] mutually unintelligible (less than 25%). Lexical similarity: Mbula 75% with Bwazza and Gwamba, 70% with Bakopi, 64% with Tambo; Mbula-Bwazza [mbu] 37% with Kulung [bbu], 48% with Bile [bil].

Language Use

Hausa [hau] also used at home, English [eng] used in schools and by the young. Mbula Pastors’ Forum promoting the use of Mbula in the churches. Home, church. All ages. Positive attitudes. 90,000 also use Hausa [hau]. Also use Bacama [bcy], Bata [bta], Dera [kna], English [eng], Kaan [ldl], Longuda [lnu], Nigerian Fulfulde [fuv]. Used as L2 by Kaan [ldl].

Language Development
Bible portions: 2008.

Latin script [Latn], used since 2008.

Other Comments

Primary schools in major villages; a few secondary schools. Christian, traditional religion.