Machiguenga

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A language of Peru

Alternate Names
Mañaries, Matsiganga, Matsigenka
Population

5910 (Crevels 2007). Ethnic population: 13,000 (Crevels 2007).

Location

Urubamba, Camisea, Picha, Manu, Timpia, Tigompinia, Kompiroshiato, and Mishagua rivers.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing). Language of recognized nationality (1993, Constitution, Article 48).

Dialects

Most similar to Nomatsiguenga [not]. There are minor dialects.

Language Use

Quechua and Spanish [spa] are replacing Machiguenga in some areas where children no longer acquire the language. Not endangered on the Manu River, where teachers from Urubamba River area are interested in implementing a formalized bilingual education program (2007). All ages.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 30%–60%. Literacy rate in L2: 25%–50%. Dictionary. NT: 1976–2008.
Writing
Latin script.