296,000 (2006 E. Zürcher), decreasing. Very few monolinguals.
Ouaddai region, Ouara and Djourf-al-Ahmar departments; Wadi Fira Region, Biltine department, Biltine subprefecture; most of Ouara department and villages south of Biltine; also in Sila and Batha regions.
3 (Wider communication).
Ethnic groups: Uled Djemma (Aulad Djema, Awlad Djema). Muslim.