1,100,000 (2010 SIL).
Mindanao, Maguindanao, Cotabato, South Cotabato, Sultan Kuderat, and Zamboanga del Sur provinces.
3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of provincial identity in North Cotabato and 3 other Mindanao provinces (1991, ACFLC Section 3(f)).
VSO; prepositions; genitives after noun heads; articles, adjectives, and numerals before noun heads; relatives after noun heads; question word in sentence-initial position; markers that relate to the affixation of the verb, or the form of the pronoun, make the verbal complements obvious; affixes do not indicate case of noun phrases; verb affixes mark number; ergativity; passives; causatives; comparatives; CV, CVC; nontonal