2,770,000 in Mauritania (2006), increasing. Population total all countries: 3,278,190.
Also in Algeria (Hassaniyya Arabic), Libya (Hassaniyya Arabic), Mali (Hasanya Arabic), Morocco (Hassaniyya Arabic), Niger (Hassaniyya Arabic), Senegal, Western Sahara (Hassaniyya Arabic).
3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of national identity (1991, Constitution, Article 6).
Not intelligible with other Arabic varieties. The Nemadi (Ikoku) are an ethnic group of 200 (1967) that speak Hassaniyya, but they have special morphemes for dogs, hunting, and houses. Nomadic between Mali and Mauritania.
Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes.
Ethnonym: Maures, Moors. White Maure are called Bithan, also used for Maures in general. Black Maures are called Haratine. Muslim.