Magar, Eastern


A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Magari, Manggar

462,000 in Nepal (2001 census), decreasing. 789,000 all Magar in Nepal (2011 census). The identification of Magars is complicated by the fact that a number of other ethnic groups (Chantyal, Kham, Kaike, Kusunda, Raute, Raji) have claimed to be Magars to outsiders. Population total all countries: 533,700. Isolated enclaves of monolinguals are found in Nawalparasi and southern Tanahu districts. Ethnic population: 1,620,000 (2001 census). Includes Eastern and Western Magar.


Gandaki Zone, Tanahu and south Gorkha districts; Lumbini Zone, Palpa and Nawalparasi districts, east of Bagmati river, central mountains; Janakpur Zone, Sindhuli district. Kosi Zone scattered, Bhojpur, Terhathum, Dhankuta districts; Sagarmatha Zone, Okhaldhunga district; Mechi Zone, Taplejung, Ilam districts.

Language Status

6b (Threatened). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Magar.


Gorkha, Nawalparasi, Tanahu. Also long-extant migrant communities scattered throughout the Eastern Development Region speak a different variety from those west of Kathmandu. Reports of intelligibility between these varieties vary.

Language Use

Also use Nepali [npi].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 25%–50%. Poetry. Dictionary. NT: 1991.

Akkha script [Qabl]. Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Buddhist, Christian, Hindu.

Also spoken in:

Expand All Collapse All