388,000 in Russian Federation (2010 census). Census includes Hill Mari [mrj]. Population total all countries: 397,090. Ethnic population: 604,300.
Mari El Republic, east of the Volga, Bashkir, and Tatar; Udmurtia Republic; Perm District; Kirov Province. Also in Kazakhstan (Eastern Mari).
Grassland Mari (Meadow Mari, Sernur-Morkin, Volga, Yoshkar-Olin).
Many children learn the language but only those in remote rural areas continue to use it actively. In eastern diaspora areas in Bashkortostan practically all children learn the language (2007). Also use Russian [rus].
In many publications the term, Eastern Mari, is reserved for the diaspora groups outside the Republic. Christian, traditional religion.