100,000 in Myanmar (Bradley 1997). Very few monolinguals. Population total all countries: 103,500.
Kachin State, east border area, Waimaw, Chiphwe, and Sawlaw townships, widely dispersed; north Shan State, Kutkai township. Also in China (Lhaovo).
Dago’ Lawng Bit, Gawan Naw’, Hlo’lan, Laking, Lawng Hsu, Wa Khawk, Zagaran Mran. Lawng Hsu may have difficult intelligibility with the other dialects.
Vigorous. Most domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Jingpho [kac].