Mikasuki

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A language of United States

Alternate Names
Hitchiti, Miccosukee, Mikasuki Seminole
Population

190 (2010 census). Spoken by most of the 400 members of the Miccosukee Tribe as well as by many of the 2,700 members of the Seminole Tribe (Golla 2007). 496 (1990 census). 35 monolinguals.

Location

The dominant language in 4 Seminole reservations: Big Cypress, Immokalee, Hollywood, Tampa in Florida.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Hitchiti, Mikasuki. Not intelligible with Alabama [akz] or Koasati [cku].

Language Use

Full range of social functions, spoken by tribal leaders, in churches, and at ceremonial groups, as well as in some schools. Monolinguals only among older adult women. Others also use English [eng]. Used as L2 by Muskogee [mus].

Language Development
Bible portions: 1980–1985.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].