30,000 in Mexico (2011 SIL). 60% monolingual.
East Guerrero, southwest to south of Tlapa, Alacatlatzala, Cahuatache, Tenaztalcingo, Jilotepec, Zacatipa, Tototepec, Cuba Libre, San Isidro Labrador, Quiahuitlatlatzala, Xonacatlán, Tepecocatlán, Cuautipa, Ocuapa, and Potoichan towns; Acapulco, Guerrero; Cuautla, Morelos; Culiacán, Sinaloa; San Quintín area, Baja California. Also in United States.
VSO; clitics; tonal
Vigorous. Children of parents who have left the area understand Mixtec, but speak only Spanish [spa]. Very few other language speakers use this Mixtec language. Some use a Mixtec variety when communicating with Metlatónoc [mxv] and Xochapa [xta] speakers, though average comprehension is only around 70%, more for men, less for women. Less than 5% use a Tlapanec or Nahuatl variety due to intermarriage. Home, friends, religion, work. All ages. Mixed attitudes. Pride in Mixtec growing slowly with interest in Mixtec literacy, but Spanish [spa] still often preferred for reading and writing.
Not enough land to support everyone, so many leave to find jobs elsewhere. Traditional religion, Christian.