30,000 in Mexico (2011 SIL). 18,000 monolinguals.
East Guerrero, southwest to south of Tlapa, Alacatlatzala, Cahuatache, Tenaztalcingo, Jilotepec, Zacatipa, Tototepec, Cuba Libre, San Isidro Labrador, Quiahuitlatlatzala, Xonacatlán, Tepecocatlán, Cuautipa, Ocuapa, and Potoichan towns; across western border, into Oaxaca.
VSO; clitics; tonal.
Vigorous. Children of parents who have left the area understand Mixtec, but speak only Spanish [spa]. Very few other language speakers use this Mixtec language. Some use a Mixtec variety when communicating with Metlatónoc [mxv] and Xochapa [xta] speakers, though average comprehension is only around 70%, more for men, less for women. Less than 5% use a Tlapanec or Nahuatl variety due to intermarriage. Home, friends, religion, work. All ages. Mixed attitudes. Pride in Mixtec growing slowly with interest in Mixtec literacy, but Spanish [spa] still often preferred for reading and writing.
Latin script [Latn].
Not enough land to support everyone, so many leave to find jobs elsewhere. Traditional religion, Christian.