A language of Nepal

Alternate Names

21,800 in Nepal (2001 census), decreasing. Population total all countries: 42,200. Ethnic population: 72,600.


Janakpur Zone, Ramechhap district, Chisapani, Bhatauli, Pagarbas, Bhaluwajor, and Rakathum VDCs. Also in India.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Manthali, Rajgaun, Sitkha.


SOV; postpositions; noun head final; no noun classes or genders; content q-word in situ; 1 prefix, up to 2 suffixes; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; verbal affixation marks person and number; split ergativity based on nominal hierarchy (the first and second person pronouns do not code ergativity but the third person pronouns do); passives and voice; nontonal; 29 consonant and 6 vowel phonemes

Language Use

Being replaced by Nepali [npi] (UNESCO). Religion. All are bilingual in Nepali [npi] (UNESCO).

Language Development
Radio programs.
Devanagari script, used in India.
Other Comments

Distinct from Majhi in Panjabi group or Bote [bmj]. Majhi, Bote, and Kushar all are used by hill peoples. Hindu, Christian.

Also spoken in:

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