51,000 (Bhaskararao 2006). Possibly 40,000 in West Bengal. Ethnic population: 111,000 (2000).
Jharkhand state: south Santal Pargana district, Ramgarh hills; Dumka district, Pakaur; south Godda, and Deoghar districts; some in Sahibganj district, Borio, Depart village; West Bengal state: Bankura, Barddhaman, and Murshidabad districts; Bihar state, Banka district.
Vigorous. All domains. Positive attitudes. Some shifted to Bengali [ben].
Devanagari script [Deva].
A Scheduled Tribe. Traditional religion, Christian.