20,000. 18,000 or more in East Makian, 2,000 or more in Kayoa (1983 SIL).
Maluku Utara Province; South Halmahera island, west coast; nearby east Makian and south Mori islands; Kayoa, Bacan, and Obi islands. Transmigration project near Kao.
East Makian, Kayoa (Kajoa). Similar to Gane [gzn].
Positive attitudes. Also use Indonesian [ind].
A volcanic eruption on Makian Island, transmigrations, speakers of other languages in the area and pressure from those languages have taken a toll on vitality. Muslim.