Makian, East


A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Makian Dalam, Makian Timur

20,000. 18,000 or more in East Makian, 2,000 or more in Kayoa (1983 SIL).


North Maluku Province. South Halmahera island, west coast; nearby east Makian and south Mori islands; Kayoa, Bacan, and Obi islands. Transmigration project near Kao.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).


East Makian, Kayoa (Kajoa). Similar to Gane [gzn].

Language Use

Positive attitudes. Also use Indonesian [ind].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 25%–50%.
Other Comments

A volcanic eruption on Makian Island, transmigrations, speakers of other languages in the area and pressure from those languages have taken a toll on vitality. Muslim.