Maltese

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A language of Malta

Alternate Names
Malti
Population

393,000 in Malta (ELDIA 2012). Population total all countries: 522,000.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1964, Constitution, Article 5(2)).

Dialects

Gozo, Port Maltese, Rural Central Maltese, Rural East Maltese, Rural West Maltese, Standard Maltese, Zurrieq. Descended from Moroccan Spoken Arabic [ary] with heavy borrowings from Italian [ita]; separately developed with different syntax and phonology.

Language Use

Vigorous. No diglossia with Standard Arabic [arb]. 345,000 also use English [eng]. 66,800 also use French [fra].

Language Development
Grammar. Bible: 1932–1984.
Writing

Arabic script [Arab], no longer in use, attempts at using Arabic script have failed. Braille script [Brai]. Latin script [Latn], primary usage.