30,000 (2005 GXLOUS), decreasing. A few thousand women and children are monolingual. Ethnic population: 107,000 (2000 census).
North central Guangxi, Huanjiang Maonan autonomous county, Xianan area: Yishan, Nandan, Yizhou; a few in Hechi and Du’an counties.
SVO; numbers and adjectives follow nouns; reduplication; glottalized, prenasalized, palatalized, and labialized onsets; nasal and stop finals; many Chinese loans; tonal, 6 tone categories in unchecked syllables, 2 in checked (split into 4 according to vowel length)
75% use it at home; 62% use it outside the home; 72% speak it to their children (GXLOUS 2005). Positive attitudes. Also use Chinese [cmn] or other local languages. More than 90% are bilingual or trilingual (GXLOUS 2005).
Officially classified within Maonan nationality. Daoist, Christian.