20 (Bradley 2007). Some additional semi-speakers in 3 remote villages (Bradley 2007). Ethnic population: 10,680,000 (2000 census).
Heilongjiang Province, a few Manchu-speaking villages in Aihui and Fuyu counties.
8b (Nearly extinct).
Alechuxa, Bala, Jing, Lalin.
Long extinct among the mainly urbanized Manchu, but still studied in an ongoing scholarly tradition (2007). Older adults, 50 and older. Positive attitudes. All bilingual. Shifted to Mandarin Chinese [cmn]. Written Chinese in common use.
Officially classified within Man (Manchu) nationality. Traditional religion, Buddhist.