Mansi

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A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Mansiy, Vogul, Vogulich, Voguly
Population

940 (2010 census). Ethnic population: 12,300 (2010 census).

Location

Western Siberia, Khanty-Mansiyskiy Avtonomnyy Okrug and Sverdlovskaya Oblast’; Komi-Zyrian [kpv] language area to the west of the Urals; between Ural and Ob rivers.

Language Status

7 (Shifting).

Dialects

Eastern Vogul (Eastern Mansi, Kondin), Northern Vogul (Northern Mansi, Ob’, Sos’va, Sosyvin, Sygva, Upper Lozyvin), Western Vogul (Lower Lozyvin, Middle Lozyvin, Pelym, Vagily, Western Mansi). Mostly Northern Vogul speakers; probably only a handful of elderly speakers of Eastern Vogul; Western Vogul is probably extinct; Southern Vogul was extinct before 1950 (Salminen 2007). Reportedly most similar to Hungarian [hun].

Language Use

Mansi spoken by 50% or less of the ethnic group; most shifted to Russian [rus]. Few domains. Few to half of the children learn Mansi. Eastern Mansi is used only by older adults. Neutral to very positive attitudes. Also use Russian [rus].

Language Development
Russian [rus] used in schools. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1868–2007.
Writing

Cyrillic script [Cyrl].

Other Comments

Traditional religion.