A language of Canada

Alternate Names

540 in Canada (2011 census). Population total all countries: 3,540. Ethnic population: 24,000 in Canada, 30,000 including the United States (1999 SIL).


Caughnawaga and Oka in the vicinity of Montreal, the Six Nations Reserve in southern Ontario, the Tyendinaga Reserve on the Bay of Quinte near Kingston, a small settlement at Gibson east of Georgian Bay. Also in United States.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Language Use

Immersion schools in Caughnawaga, Oka, on the Six Nations Reserve (2007). Mostly older adults but a few children are native speakers. Also use English [eng].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 75%–100%. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1787–2004.
Latin script.
Other Comments

Kanien’kehaka is name for Mohawk people.

Also spoken in:

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