A language of Ethiopia

Alternate Names
Ajo, Ato Majang, Ato Majanger-Onk, Majanjiro, Masango, Masongo, Mesengo, Ojanjur, Tama

18,500 (2007 census). 11,000 Mesengo (2007 census). 10,800 monolinguals. L2 users: 440.


Southwest, parts of Oromiya, Gambela Hizboch, and YeDebub Biheroch Bihereseboch na Hizboch states, a long, narrow belt between Bure, east of Gambela, and Guraferda south.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Minor dialect variation.


VSO; postpositions; genitives, articles, adjectives, numerals, relatives after noun heads; question words final; suffixes indicate case, passives; causative prefix; reciprocal verb forms; verb affixes mark person, number, subject, object; many syllable patterns; tonal.

Language Use

Also use Amharic [amh]. Used as L2 by Shabo [sbf].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 21%. Used for education in Gambela. Bible portions: 1993.

Ethiopic script [Ethi], used until 1990s. Latin script [Latn], official in Gambela Region.

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian.