60,000 (2002 SIL). 157,000 all Manobo (1990 census).
Mindanao, Agusan del Sur Province, western area, southeast of Lake Buluan; inland areas, Surigao del Sur Province; southwest of Lanuza peninsula to Lianga bay; Agusan del Norte Province, western area; Compostela Valley and Davao del Norte provinces, continuous strip along northern borders; Surigao del Norte Province, southern tip, inland; scattered small border areas, Bukidnon and Davao Oriental provinces.
VSO; prepositions; genitives after noun heads; articles before noun heads, adjectives, numerals before and after noun heads; relatives after noun heads or without noun heads; question word in sentence-initial position, final as tag; maximum number of affixes: 4 prefixes, 1 suffix; word order distinguishes subject, object and direct objects, when noun marker is the same; affixes do not indicate case of noun phrase; verb affixes sometimes mark number; passives; causatives; comparatives; CV, CVC; nontonal.
Used as L2 by Rajah Kabunsuwan Manobo [mqk].
Latin script [Latn].
Ethnic autonym: Manobo. Christian (Roman Catholic), traditional religion.