Manobo, Agusan

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A language of Philippines

Alternate Names
Agusan
Population

60,000 (2002 SIL). 157,000 all Manobo (1990 census).

Location

Mindanao, Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, and Surigao del Sur provinces.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Adgawan, Omayamnon, Surigao, Umayam. 83% intelligibility of Dibabawon [mbd]. Lexical similarity: 80% with Omayamnon dialect and other dialects, 85% with Dibabawon Manobo [mbd].

Typology

VSO; prepositions; genitives after noun heads; articles before noun heads, adjectives, numerals before and after noun heads; relatives after noun heads or without noun heads; question word in sentence-initial position, final as tag; maximum number of affixes: 4 prefixes, 1 suffix; word order distinguishes subject, object and direct objects, when noun marker is the same; affixes do not indicate case of noun phrase; verb affixes sometimes mark number; passives; causatives; comparatives; CV, CVC; nontonal.

Language Use

Used as L2 by Rajah Kabunsuwan Manobo [mqk].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 54%. Literacy rate in L2: 55%–60%. Dictionary. NT: 1999–2001.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Ethnic autonym: Manobo. Christian (Roman Catholic), traditional religion.