A language of Cameroon


250 in Cameroon (Tourneux 2004).


Far North Region, Logone and Chari divisions, Makari subdivision, northwest of Kousseri, Maltam, and Saho.

Language Status

8a (Moribund).


Maslam (Maltam), Sao (Sahu). Related to Afade [aal], Mpade [mpi], Malgbe [mxf], Mser [kqx], and Lagwan [kot]. Speakers may be able to use literature in one of these languages.

Language Use

In rapid decline (Tourneux 2004). Also use Chadian Spoken Arabic [shu].

Other Comments

‘Mandage’ is used by the Kotoko to refer to either the northern group of Kotoko languages (Mpade, Afade, Maslam [msv], Malgbe) or the Kotoko group as a whole (including Mser and Lagwan). Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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