Manobo, Cotabato


A language of Philippines

Alternate Names
Dulangan Manobo

30,000 (2007 SIL), increasing. 5,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 30,000.


Mindanao, Sultan Kudarat, Experanza, Kalamansig, Lebak, Palimbang, Sen. Ninoy Aquino, and south Cotabato Province.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Blit, Tasaday.


VSO; prepositions; articles, adjectives, numerals all before noun heads; relatives after noun heads or without noun heads; question word in sentence-initial position; maximum number of affixes: 3 prefixes, 2 suffixes; word order distinguishes subject, object and direct objects, given and new information, topic and comment; affixes do not indicate case of noun phrase; passives; causatives; comparatives; CV, CVC; nontonal

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Some also use Cebuano [ceb], Filipino [fil], or Hiligaynon [hil] acquired in school and community, in schools, trade with non-Manobos, and government.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 25%. Literacy rate in L2: 5%–10%. Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1988–2005.
Latin script.
Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian.